Accounts payable is a liability account that represents the amount of money a company owes to its creditors for goods or services that it has received, but has not yet paid for. These creditors could include suppliers, vendors, and other businesses that the company has purchased goods or services from on credit.
Accounts payable is typically recorded on a company’s balance sheet as a current liability, as it is expected to be paid within one year or less. It is usually classified as a short-term debt, as it is typically paid off within a few weeks or months of being incurred.
To record an accounts payable transaction, the company will debit the accounts payable account and credit the cash account. When the company makes a payment to settle its accounts payable, it will reverse this transaction by debiting the cash account and crediting the accounts payable account.
Managing accounts payable is an important aspect of a company’s financial management, as it helps to ensure that the company is able to meet its financial obligations in a timely manner and maintain good relationships with its creditors.